The goal of this project is to more sustainably manage natural resources, increase food security and reduce poverty for poor rural men and women in the face of rapid agricultural, water and energy development in the Eastern Nile basin. To accomplish this the project will examine the linkages, tensions and tradeoffs across the water-energy-food nexus using global, basin (Eastern Nile) and local case studies (Ethiopia) identified with partners. The project will also assess alternative water, energy, and food management, technology and governance options that sustainably increase resource use efficiency for the rural poor, including women and men, examined qualitatively and quantitatively at the same three levels. Furthermore win-win-win water, energy and food security strategies developed with partners and local and national governments in the Eastern Nile region. 4. Capacity of NARES in the Eastern Nile region to work on nexus assessment based on approaches used in outputs 1-3 strengthened; and 5. Research results across a wide range of stakeholders disseminated; and engagement in global water-energy-food nexus initiatives. Work will be carried out at the global and the Eastern Nile Basin levels with several local case studies carried out in Ethiopia.