Across South Asia today, male out-migration is a fact of life, particularly in the poorer Eastern states of India such as Bihar, not to mention Nepal and Bangladesh. This has led families to pursue a dual livelihood strategy, depending on both farming and migrant wage work, with neither able to fulfill their minimum needs alone, let alone provide opportunities for economic upliftment.
A new report from the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) underlines the vulnerability of agriculture to climate hazards in South Asia.
While pollution of the Ganges appears to be an insoluble problem, demand for water – driven mainly by farming – is actually drying out certain sections of the river. Solutions exist but they require a complete rethink of current institutional frameworks and business models.
Hydropower development in Uttarakhand, India has been stalled due to disagreements with local communities. A research project recommends new policies on fair and structured benefits-sharing to ensure mutually beneficial and sustainable hydropower development.
A study in Nepal’s Tarai-Madhesh region highlights that, despite changes in the roles women are playing in agriculture, many of them are having trouble accessing water resources for irrigation. Recommendations have been developed in a new technical brief.
Over the course of a decade, half the spring water in the Indian state of Sikkim disappeared. No one is sure why this is happening. Climate change may be having an influence, along with other factors. But how can we find out more about the springs’ hydrology?
A new agreement between the Ministry of Agriculture in Sri Lanka and the International Water Management Institute will help develop initiatives to improve waste-derived compost using nutrient enrichment and pelletizing technologies.